New Player? Create your FREE Empires of History account today!
Empire of the White Sheep Turks
Starting Resource: 34
-- From Land: 30
-- From Trade: 4
Capital Territory: Baghdad
Nation Class: Medium
Total Starting Military
Ships of the Line: 0
Click on the map to view your nation's position and starting troops
The Akkoyunlu or the White Sheep Turkomans were a Turkoman tribal federation that ruled
present-day Azerbaijan, eastern Anatolia, northern Iraq and western Iran from 1378 to present
(1483). According to chronicles from the Byzantine Empire, White Sheep Turkomans were present
in Anatolia since at least 1340, and most White Sheep Turkoman leaders, including the dynasty's
founder, Kara Osman, married Byzantine princesses.
The White Sheep Turkomans officially first acquired land in 1402, when Tamerlane granted them
all of Diyar Bakr, in northern Iraq. For a long time, the White Sheep Turkomans were unable to
expand their territory, as the rival Black Sheep Turkoman kept them at bay. However, this
changed with the rule of Uzun Hasan, who defeated the Black Sheep Turkoman leader, Jihan Shah,
After the defeat of a Timurid leader, Abu Sai'd, Uzun Hasan was able to take Baghdad, along
with territories around the Persian Gulf. He expanded into Iran as far east as Khorasan.
However, around this time, the Ottoman Empire sought to expand eastwards, a serious threat
that forced the White Sheep Turkomans into an alliance with the Qaramanids of central Anatolia.
As early as 1464, Uzun Hasan had requested military aid from one of the Ottoman Empire's
strongest enemies, Venice, however, despite Venetian promises, this aid never arrived, and as
a result, Uzun Hasan was defeated by the Ottomans at Tercan in 1473, though this did not
destroy the White Sheep Turkomans.
At the start of play in 1483 the White Sheep Turk army is weak, not having yet recovered from
its previous defeat by the Ottomans. The White Sheep Turks biggest threat is the Ottoman Empire,
followed directly by Egypt. Herat on its far border is less of a threat, but a border that needs
to be secured regardless. The White Sheep Turks best defense is to forge an alliance with either
the Ottomans or Egypt.