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The Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt
Starting Resource: 38
-- From Land: 33
-- From Trade: 5
Capital Territory: Cairo
Nation Class: Large
Total Starting Military
Ships of the Line: 0
Click on the map to view your nation's position and starting troops
Egypt is one of the oldest, if not the oldest civilizations on each. A unified kingdom was
founded circa 3100 BC by King Narmer, and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next
three millennia. The Egyptian Empire rose and fell in power over that time and reached its
hieght in power under Ramesses II when it engaged in the Hittite Empire for control of Palestine
circa 1280 BC. The last native dynasty, known as the Thirtieth Dynasty, fell to the Persians
in 343 BC who dug the predecessor of the Suez canal and connected the Red Sea to the
Mediterranean. Later, Egypt fell to the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines and Persians again.
It was the Muslim Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the seventh century to
the Egyptians, who gradually adopted both. Muslim rulers nominated by the Islamic Caliphate
remained in control of Egypt for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks
took control about 1250 and distinguished themselves in battle by defeating a Mongol army, one
of the few nations to do so.
Mamluk Egypt by 1483 is a strong military power controlling all of Egypt proper, Palestine,
much of Syria and stretch of Arabia and north Africa. The Ottoman Empire is its greatest threat,
though the White Sheep Turks, Dehli, Venice and the Hasfids are also nations to watch.